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The Month of Rajab – Between the Legislated & Innovated. Shaykh S’ad bin Naasir ash-Shithari

This day is the first of the month of Rajab. This month has been used by some for extra acts of worship, the forms of which have not been narrated on the prophet sall Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam. For this reason, I will cite the points to be weary of before the reasons.

Some sacrifice an animal in Rajab, with the belief that it is an act that brings them close to Allaah. This sacrifice is called al-ateerah, and was something well-known in the days of Jaahiliyyah. It has been reported that some of the Sahaabah did this in the early days of Islaam but the prophet sall Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam then clarified the Legislator’s prohibition of doing it, saying ‘There is no fara’ah, nor ateerah.’

The intent behind the fara’ah is the sacrifice that is done for the first born – they would sacrifice an animal, claiming it to be an act of obedience and a means of thanks to Allaah, slaughtering a camel, sheep, or any grazing animal. As for the ateerah, it is the sacrificing that is done [specifically] in the month of Rajab. So the prophet prohibited both these acts, as reported by al-Bukhaari.

In addition to this, some have celebrations on the first of Rajab, or the first night of Rajab that did not take place during the time of prophethood, nor the duration of the best generations. They gather to recite Qur’aan or pray – actions that conflict with the prophetic guidance and are feigned acts or worship, rather than real ones.

Some pray a specific prayer on the first Jumuah, or the first night of Jumuah, that they call Salaat ar-Raghaa’ib – a prayer that had no foundation at the time of prophethood, nor at the time of the best generations, but was introduced in the fourth century and the speech of the scholars is united in rejecting this prayer, explaining its lack of legislation and not being established on the prophet sall Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam.

As for that which has been related on the Umrah of Rajab, it is correct but has its reason. The people of the days of ignorance used to hasten to perform Umrah in Rajab, due to the fact that Rajab was one of the sacred months. So when Rajab came, they could travel to make ‘Umrah with their safety guaranteed – outside of which it was not, except in the other sacred months – Thul-Qi’dah, Thul-Hijjah and Muharram. Some believe that Rajab has special precedence in performing ‘Umrah in it, but the prophet sall Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam never performed it during this month. Those who say that he did are mistaken – rather, he performed it in Thul-Qi’dah. So, performing ‘Umrah in the month of Rajab and the belief that it is more deserving of reward than if done in other than it is an incorrect belief that contradicts the guidance of Muhammad sall Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam. It is from the fabricated forms of religion, not those that are real.

Also, some people bring supplications specific to the month of Rajab and cite them at its beginning. It should be said to them that the best of guidance is the guidance of the prophet sall Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam.

The belief that the first of Rajab has these distinctive qualities is a belief that necessitates a proof – an evidence must come to us indicating this.

And some include in their messages and letters the supplication ‘Oh Allaah give us blessings in Rajab and Sha’baan and allow us to reach Ramadaan.’ This phrasing is not authentically established on the prophet sall Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, nor is it authentic as a supplication. So it is not for us to believe that this dua has a special weight at this time, due to its lack of authenticity and as a result, it is rejected upon the one who makes it.

From the matters pertaining to this month is a night they celebrate at the end of the month that they call the night of the Israa wa’l mi’raaj. The prophet sall Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam never used to celebrate it. And there is a degree of uncertainty among the narrators and historians as to when the night itself occurred so defining it specifically is considered as following matters that are uncertain.

So now, we go back to that to which we referred to previously – the meaning month of Rajab being sacred. How is it a sacred month? During all months, it is haram [impermissible] to commit acts of aggression towards others – so why has Rajab been specified? It is said [in response] that Rajab has greater emphasis of this prohibition than other than it from the months. Just as acts of aggression outside the boarders of the Haram is impermissible, sin and disobedience, carrying out these acts within the boundaries of the haram is greater in terms of the crime and sin. This is the case with the sanctity of Rajab and the other sacred months. Allaah declared the month of Rajab as being one of the sacred months in Surat at-Taubah, in verses that were from the last that were revealed, {Verily, the number of months with Allah is twelve months (in a year), so was it ordained by Allah on the Day when He created the heavens and the earth; of them four are Sacred} [9:36]. The prophet sall Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam explained this, saying ‘Indeed the number of months with Allaah is twelve, from them, four are sacred – the first of which is Rajab, which is between Jumaadah and Sha’baan.’

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2llPr279_a0
Translated by Aqeel Ahmed

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