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The Ruling of Women Making Ghusl on Jumuah & When the Ghusl Should be Made – Shaykh Mashhoor Hassan

Is it obligatory for a Woman to Make Ghusl on Friday? And When Should the Ghusl be done?

This is a matter that requires thought and insight.

If she goes for salaah in the masjid, then the view that it is obligatory upon her is strong but if she stays in her home, the difference of opinion intensifies.

The prophet sall Allaahu alayhi wa sallam said, ‘The ghusl of Jumuah is obligatory upon every Muslim’ and there is another authentic wording, ‘The ghusl of Jumuah is obligatory upon everyone who has come of age’ and women are addressed when men are, as for when the Islaamic Legislation addresses women, men are not addressed, except when there is an evidence that says otherwise. As for when men are addressed, women do not come out of this, except with a proof that indicates they do.

So whosoever implements the wording [of the hadeeth] and stops at it, and this is what the muhaqiqeen of the ulama do, especially as relates to acts of worship like the salaah and purification, says that women join with men [in this case] and this is what my heart is inclined to.

A s for other [scholars], they look towards the meaning behind the hadeeth, they see its root as being to gather and some of the scholars make the analogy between general meetings and Jumuah in terms of making ghusl, so that whenever there is a general meeting of the Muslims, it is from the Sunnah for an individual to make ghusl. So, whosever looks towards the meaning of the hadeeth holds the opinion that it is not obligatory upon women to make ghusl on Jumuah, but what is most correct is the first opinion.

The time for the ghusl begins from after salaat-ul-fajr and continues until the time of the [Jumuah] prayer. Extending it to the night of Jumuah [Thursday night] is understanding it in a wider sense, and the Islaamic Legislation joins things together due to their close proximity to one another, like the prophet sall Allaahu alayhi wa sallam said that Salaat –ul-Maghrib is the witr of the daytime, despite the fact that Salaat-ul-Maghrib takes place in the night. Due to its close proximity to the day, it’s been connected with it. In a similar way, some connect making ghusl on the night of Jumuah with it [the ghusl mentioned in the hadeeth] but that it is done on the day of Jumuah is best, and Allaah knows best.


Translated by Aqeel Ahmed

المسألة تحتاج لتأمل ونظر، فإن ذهبت للصلاة في المسجد فالقول بالوجوب قوي، أما إن بقيت في بيتها فالخلاف يشتد.
والنبي صلى الله عليه وسلم يقول: {غسل الجمعة واجب على كل مسلم}، وهناك لفظ آخر صحيح: {غسل الجمعة واجب على كل محتلم}، والنساء يدخلن في خطاب الرجال، وأما إذا خاطب الشرع النساء فإن الرجال لا يدخلون معهن إلا بقرينة، أما في خطاب الرجال فإنهن لا يخرجن إلا بقرينة.
فمن أعمل اللفظ ووقف عنده، وهذا حال المحققين من العلماء في العبادات خاصة، كالصلوات والطهارات، فمن أعمل اللفظ، قال: المرأة تلحق بالرجل، قلبي يميل لهذا.
أما من نظر للمعنى، وأن الأصل في ذلك الاجتماع، وقد ألحق بعض العلماء الاجتماعات العامة بالجمعة، من حيث الاغتسال فمتى حصل اجتماع عام فيسن للإنسان أن يغتسل فمن نظر للمعنى، قال: ليس على المرأة غسل الجمعة، والراجح الأول.
والغسل يبدأ من بعد صلاة الفجر حتى الصلاة، وإلحاق ليلة الجمعة به فالموسع للمعنى يلحقه به، والشرع ألحق أشياء بأشياء لقربها منها، فقد قال النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم عن صلاة المغرب بأنها وتر النهار، مع أن صلاة المغرب في الليل، لكن لقربها من النهار ألحقت به، فكذلك من ألحق الغسل ليلة الجمعة به، لكن أن يقع الاغتسال يوم الجمعة فهذا أفضل، والله أعلم…

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